As part of many firsts in the history of the agency, in 1970, The Governor’s Justice Commission, acting in concert with the Pennsylvania Department of Community Affairs, was solicited by several York County Municipalities to determine the need and feasibility of the consolidation of police services. Both agencies realized that police services in the Commonwealth had to be cost-effective to better serve socio-economic concerns of our community. To that end, funding to implement the delivery of police services was provided to the original five York County Municipalities (Dover Twp, Dover Borough, Wellsville Borough, Manchester Twp, & Paradise Twp) that agreed to participate in organizing the Northern York County Regional Police Department.
Act 180, as passed by the General Assembly in 1972, served as the founding document for this new police entity. This act has come to be known as the “Intergovernmental Cooperation Act.” It empowered these municipalities to delegate police powers to a new and separate quasi-governmental unit, THE NORTHERN YORK COUNTY REGIONAL POLICE DEPARTMENT.
To empower this new police department, each municipality designates one elected member of its respective Borough or Township to represent their political subdivision on the Board of Commissioners. Each municipality has one (1) such Commissioner.
On September 27, 1972, the NYCRPD assumed all police responsibilities for the participating municipalities. Originally the police department consisted of a Chief, two Sergeants, one Criminal Investigator and ten Patrol Officers.
In the more than 47 years that have passed since the inception of the Department, several municipalities have joined the regional family and two have left. The timeline for these milestones is as follows
- 1973: Founding member Wellsville Borough withdraws. North York Borough disbands its own police department and joins the NYCRPD.
- 1983: Conewago Township joins the NYCRPD family of municipalities. Conewago Township previously had its own police department.
- 1991: The NYCRPD expands northward in the county. Franklin Township joins in January and Dillsburg Borough follows in February. Dillsburg Borough disbands its own police department.
- 2003: Jackson Township joins after the dissolution of its own police department. The Department now has nine member municipalities.
- 2004: Dillsburg Borough withdraws from the Department
- 2008: Spring Grove Area School District and the Department reach an agreement to hire a School Resource Officer.
- 2014: Dover Area School District and the Department reach an agreement to hire a School Resource Officer.
- 2018: Spring Grove Area School District and the Department reach an agreement for a second School Resource Officer
- 2019: Lincoln Intermediate Unit and the Department reach an agreement to place a School Resource Officer in the York Learning Center
- 2019: Dover Area School District and the Department reach an agreement for a second School Resource Officer
- 2020: North Codorus Township joins after the dissolution of the Southwestern Regional Police Department
- 2020: Manheim Township and Heidelberg Township join as contracting municipalities.
Today the jurisdiction of the agency covers a large and rapidly developing area of York County with a wide demographic base. The jurisdiction encompasses areas with urban, suburban, industrial, residential, and rural characteristics.
Current NYCRPD member municipalities are identified as follows:
North York Borough
North Codorus Township
From the very founding of the NYCRPD, the agency was noted for professionalism and high standards for service delivery and the suppression and investigation of crime. Today, the authorized strength of the agency is 62 sworn members, and 4 additional civilian staff all of who are dedicated to providing the highest quality law enforcement service possible. The Department currently consists of;
- 1 – Chief of Police
- 3 – Lieutenants
- 6 – Sergeants
- 6- Corporals
- 5 – Criminal Investigators
- 5 – SROs
- 36 – Patrol Officers
The uniforms worn by the agency have changed over the life of the agency and the colors and types of patrol vehicles driven have changed as well. At the time of the founding of the agency an experiment was undertaken–this was for the patrol officer to wear a “low impact or soft uniform”. This was a non-traditional uniform consisting of a dress shirt, slacks, and a blazer, with a duty belt hidden from the view of the public. This experiment ended in the adoption of a traditional police uniform consisting of a tan shirt, brown uniform pants, and brown coats and hats. In 1989, the NYCRPD adopted the current uniform consisting of a tan shirt, black trousers with tan stripe, black hat, black ties, and black leather wear and shoes. This uniform includes summer and winter type uniforms and a dress uniform worn by the NYCRPD for appropriate events.